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Discover the History and Meaning of the Brazilian Flag.


A Journey of Colors, Stars, and Republican Tradition The Brazilian flag is a powerful symbol that transcends the mere representation of a nation; it is the essence of the Brazilian identity to the world. With its vibrant colors and distinct elements, the flag tells a rich story that extends from the proclamation of the Republic in 1889.



Design and Notable Elements: The Brazilian flag consists of a green rectangle, a central yellow diamond, a celestial blue sphere within the diamond, and a white band with the emblematic inscription “Order and Progress”. Adorning the flag, 27 stars represent the 26 states and the Federal District.


Origins and Inspiration: Officialized on November 19, 1889, the flag was created in response to the proclamation of the Republic, replacing the old imperial flag. The design was the work of Décio Vilares, inspired by the flag of the Empire.



Meaning of Colors: The official colors - green, yellow, blue, and white - initially symbolized the royal houses of the family of D. Pedro I. Over time, Brazilians attributed new meanings to each color:

  • White: the desire for peace.

  • Blue: the sky and rivers of Brazil.  

  • Yellow: the national riches.  

  • Green: the forests and rich biodiversity.  


The phrase “Order and Progress” is inspired by the positivist motto of Auguste Comte.


Stars Representing Unity: In 1992, the flag gained four new stars, representing Amapá, Tocantins, Roraima, and Rondônia, totaling 27 stars. The arrangement and size of the stars reflect the sky of Rio de Janeiro on November 15, 1889. The star “Spica” symbolizes the state of Pará.


Tradition and Legislation: Flag Day is celebrated on November 19, marking the adoption of the republican flag in 1889. There are specific laws that regulate the use of the flag, including flag-raising protocols and the prohibition of disrespect to the national symbol.


A Journey through History: The history of the flag begins with the independence of Brazil in 1822, when D. Pedro I commissioned a new flag, designed by Jean-Baptiste Debret. Since then, various flags have represented the country, each narrating a unique chapter of Brazilian history.



The trajectory of the flag includes the era of the empire, the transition to the republic, and the creation of the current flag after the proclamation of the Republic. Inspired by the flag of the United States during the early days of the republic, the current flag was conceived by Raimundo Teixeira Mendes and Miguel Leme, being hoisted for the first time on November 19, 1889.


The Brazilian flag is more than a colored fabric; it is a link between the past and the present, carrying with it the rich tapestry of Brazilian history and the hope of a prosperous and orderly future.


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